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{July 25, 2007}   Important Definitions

Important Definitions

Here are some helpful definitions I verified on Merriam Webster’s Online Dictionary. If you want any others added, please email me in the contact section!

Terms:

Rape
Function: transitive verb
Inflected Form(s): raped; rap·ing
Etymology: Middle English, from Latin rapere
1 a archaic : to seize and take away by force b : DESPOIL
2 : to commit rape on
– rap·er noun
– rap·ist /’rA-pist/ noun

Rape
Function: noun
1 : an act or instance of robbing or despoiling or carrying away a person by force
2 : unlawful sexual activity and usually sexual intercourse carried out forcibly or under threat of injury against the will usually of a female or with a person who is beneath a certain age or incapable of valid consent — compare SEXUAL ASSAULT, STATUTORY RAPE
3 : an outrageous violation

Assault
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English assaut, from Old French, from (assumed) Vulgar Latin assaltus, from assalire
1 a : a violent physical or verbal attack b : a military attack usually involving direct combat with enemy forces c : a concerted effort (as to reach a goal or defeat an adversary)
2 a : a threat or attempt to inflict offensive physical contact or bodily harm on a person (as by lifting a fist in a threatening manner) that puts the person in immediate danger of or in apprehension of such harm or contact — compare BATTERY 1b b : RAPE

Victim
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English vyctym, from Latin victima; perhaps akin to Old High German wIh holy
1 : a living being sacrificed to a deity or in the performance of a religious rite
2 : one that is acted on and usually adversely affected by a force or agent
as a (1) : one that is injured, destroyed, or sacrificed under any of various conditions
(2) : one that is subjected to oppression, hardship, or mistreatment b : one that is tricked or duped

Coerce
Function: transitive verb
Inflected Form(s): co·erced; co·erc·ing
Etymology: Middle English cohercen, from Anglo-French *cohercer Latin coercEre, from co- + arcEre to shut up, enclose — more at ARK
1 : to restrain or dominate by force coerce the irreligious — W. R. Inge>
2 : to compel to an act or choice coerced into agreeing>
3 : to achieve by force or threat <coerce compliance>

Survive
Function: verb
Inflected Form(s): sur·vived; sur·viv·ing
Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French survivre to outlive, from Latin supervivere, from super- + vivere to live — more at QUICK intransitive senses
1 : to remain alive or in existence : live on
2 : to continue to function or prosper
transitive senses
1 : to remain alive after the death of
2 : to continue to exist or live after
3 : to continue to function or prosper despite : WITHSTAND
– sur·vi·vor /-’vI-v&r/ noun

Fear
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English fer, from Old English f[AE]r sudden danger; akin to Latin periculum attempt, peril, Greek peiran to attempt
1 a : an unpleasant often strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger b (1) : an instance of this emotion
(2) : a state marked by this emotion
2 : anxious concern : SOLICITUDE
3 : profound reverence and awe especially toward God
4 : reason for alarm : DANGER

Guilt
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English, delinquency, guilt, from Old English gylt delinquency
1 : the fact of having committed a breach of conduct especially violating law and involving a penalty; broadly : guilty conduct
2 a : the state of one who has committed an offense especially consciously b : feelings of culpability especially for imagined offenses or from a sense of inadequacy : SELF-REPROACH
3 : a feeling of culpability for offenses

Shame
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English, from Old English scamu; akin to Old High German scama shame
1 a : a painful emotion caused by consciousness of guilt, shortcoming, or impropriety b : the susceptibility to such emotion
2 : a condition of humiliating disgrace or disrepute : IGNOMINY
3 a : something that brings censure or reproach; also : something to be regretted : PITY b : a cause of feeling shame

Manipulate
Function: transitive verb
Inflected Form(s): -lat·ed; -lat·ing
Etymology: back-formation from manipulation, from French, from manipuler to handle an apparatus in chemistry, ultimately from Latin manipulus
1 : to treat or operate with the hands or by mechanical means especially in a skillful manner
2 a : to manage or utilize skillfully b : to control or play upon by artful, unfair, or insidious means especially to one’s own advantage
3 : to change by artful or unfair means so as to serve one’s purpose

Consent
Function: intransitive verb
Etymology: Middle English, from Latin consentire, from com- + sentire to feel — more at SENSE
1 : to give assent or approval : AGREE
2 archaic : to be in concord in opinion or sentiment

Force
Function: transitive verb
Inflected Form(s): forced; forc·ing
1 : to do violence to; especially : RAPE
2 : to compel by physical, moral, or intellectual means
5 : to achieve or win by strength in struggle or violence

Prosecute
Function: verb
Inflected Form(s): -cut·ed; -cut·ing
Etymology: Middle English, from Latin prosecutus, past participle of prosequi to pursue — more at PURSUE
transitive senses
1 : to follow to the end : pursue until finished 2 : to engage in : PERFORM
3 a : to bring legal action against for redress or punishment of a crime or violation of law
3 b : to institute legal proceedings with reference to intransitive senses : to institute and carry on a legal suit or prosecution

Resist
Function: verb
Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French or Latin; Middle French resister, from Latin resistere, from re- + sistere to take a stand; akin to Latin stare to stand — more at STAND
intransitive senses : to exert force in opposition
transitive senses
1 : to exert oneself so as to counteract or defeat
2 : to withstand the force or effect of

Seduction
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle French, from Late Latin seduction-, seductio, from Latin, act of leading aside, from seducere
1 : the act of seducing to wrong; especially : the often unlawful enticement of a female to sexual intercourse
2 : something that seduces : TEMPTATION
3 : something that attracts or charms

Offend(er)
Function: verb
Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French offendre, from Latin offendere to strike against, offend, from ob- against + -fendere to strike — more at OB-, DEFEND
intransitive senses
1 a : to transgress the moral or divine law : SIN
b : to violate a law or rule : do wrong
2 a : to cause difficulty, discomfort, or injury b : to cause dislike, anger, or vexation
transitive senses
1 a : VIOLATE, TRANSGRESS b : to cause pain to : HURT
2 obsolete : to cause to sin or fall

Stigma
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural stig·ma·ta /stig-’mä-t&, ’stig-m&-t&/; or stig·mas
Etymology: Latin stigmat-, stigma mark, brand, from Greek, from stizein to tattoo — more at STICK
1 a archaic : a scar left by a hot iron : BRAND b : a mark of shame or discredit : STAIN

Violence
Function: noun
1 a : exertion of physical force so as to injure or abuse (as in effecting illegal entry into a house) b : an instance of violent treatment or procedure
2 : injury by or as if by distortion, infringement, or profanation : OUTRAGE
3 a : intense, turbulent, or furious and often destructive action or force
b : vehement feeling or expression : FERVOR; also : an instance of such action or feeling c : a clashing or jarring quality : DISCORDANCESafe
Function: adjective
Inflected Form(s): saf·er; saf·est
Etymology: Middle English sauf, from Old French, from Latin salvus safe, healthy; akin to Latin solidus solid, Greek holos whole, safe, Sanskrit sarva entire
1 : free from harm or risk : UNHURT
2 a : secure from threat of danger, harm, or loss b : successful at getting to a base in baseball without being put out
3 : affording safety or security from danger, risk, or difficulty

Accept
Function: verb
Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French accepter, from Latin acceptare, frequentative of accipere to receive, from ad- + capere to take — more at HEAVE
transitive senses
1 a : to receive willingly b : to be able or designed to take or hold (something applied or added)
2 : to give admittance or approval to
3 a : to endure without protest or reaction b : to regard as proper, normal, or inevitablec : to recognize as true : BELIEVE
4 a : to make a favorable response to

Believe
Function: verb
Inflected Form(s): be·lieved; be·liev·ing
Etymology: Middle English beleven, from Old English belEfan, from be- + lyfan, lEfan to allow, believe; akin to Old High German gilouben to believe, Old English lEof dear — more at LOVE
intransitive senses
1 a : to have a firm religious faith b : to accept as true, genuine, or real
2 : to have a firm conviction as to the goodness, efficacy, or ability of something
3 : to hold an opinion : THINK
transitive senses
1 a : to consider to be true or honest b : to accept the word or evidence of
2 : to hold as an opinion :

Trust
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English, probably of Scandinavian origin; akin to Old Norse traust trust; akin to Old English trEowe faithful — more at TRUE
1 a : assured reliance on the character, ability, strength, or truth of someone or something b : one in which confidence is placed
2 a : dependence on something future or contingent : HOPE b : reliance on future payment for property (as merchandise) delivered : CREDIT

Hope
Function: noun
1 archaic : TRUST, RELIANCE
2 a : desire accompanied by expectation of or belief in fulfillment ; also : expectation of fulfillment or success

Respect
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English, from Latin respectus, literally, act of looking back, from respicere to look back, regard, from re- + specere to look — more at SPY
1 : a relation or reference to a particular thing or situation
2 : an act of giving particular attention : CONSIDERATION
3 a : high or special regard : ESTEEM b : the quality or state of being esteemed c plural : expressions of respect or deference

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